Was Nietzsche a Capitalist or Communist?
The quick answer: Capitalist
The fun answer: Marxist/Communist
The real answer: Neither
Let’s take a look:
Nietzsche supports capitalism because it is a resilient system that keeps moving, evolving, and changing no matter what society and history throws at it for the last few hundred years. Ideally, capitalism is a prime example of the “will”, since individual desires compete against each other in a marketplace for dominance. Anywhere there is competition and conflict, there is innovation.
“There is will to power where there is life and even the strongest living things will risk their lives for more power. This suggests that the will to power is stronger than the will to survive.”
Sound like a system we know, hehe?
Fukayama’s famous book, “The End of History and the Last Man” argues that capitalism is the final system for our civilization. Look no further, capitalism will integrate whatever anomalies come its way and continue surviving as our best available system. Capitalism is a bit faceless and multiple similar to how Nietzsche operates.
If it can be consumed, it can be integrated into capitalism. Just look at a series like “Squid Games.” This show did not end capitalism, if anything “Squid Games” is pro-capitalism propaganda that strengthened its grip. Because people bitching about capitalism is one of capitalism’s defensive functions.
There is nowhere else to go, but more capitalism. People will never stop producing and consuming, which is what keeps it alive.
But wait, this all sounds like Nietzsche’s “Last Man”, the dreaded end of movement, life, and history? Isn't that “bad”? Yes, it’s not exactly the desired outcome for Nietzsche, and that’s where the communist comes in.